Oklahoma City’s decades-long quest for a permit to pump water out of southeastern Oklahoma is over. This week, state regulators approved a key part of the city’s $1 billion-plus project to meet the metro’s long-term water needs, but residents and water rights groups say the urban victory marks a milestone — not the end of the road.
Oklahoma City has water storage rights at Sardis Lake in southeastern Oklahoma. To get it, the city plans to divert water that flows from the lake into the Kiamichi River and pump it more than a hundred miles northwest to the metro.
The city first applied for a permit to access its Sardis water in 2007, but the effort proved controversial and was delayed by local opposition and federal lawsuits filed by the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations. Those lawsuits were resolved in 2016, through a Congressionally approved agreement signed by then-President Barack Obama.
Staff at the Oklahoma Water Resources Board used technical information on water-use conditions developed during settlement negotiations to create a hydrological model of the Kiamichi River Basin and a lake level management plan for area lakes. Lawyers for Oklahoma City used this model in applying for an amended permit filed in January 2017.
Eighty-five residents residents and organizations, including the Kiamichi River Legacy Association and Oklahomans for Responsible Water Policy, formally protested Oklahoma City’s application and urged the water board to deny the permit.
‘Bought the river’
Tom Garrett grew up on a cotton farm in western Oklahoma. Sixteen years ago, he relocated to a tree-lined stretch of the Kiamichi River and opened the K River Campgrounds.
“I always wanted to own a river, so I bought the river,” he says.
The shaded campground has picnic tables, RV hookups and racks of canoes and kayaks for tourists who want to trek down the Kiamichi.
“If you live in Oklahoma City and western Oklahoma, you’d never imagine it would be here,” he says.
Oklahoma City’s permit allows it to dam and tap the Kiamichi at one of four possible points. The city has not yet decided which point it will use, but all four surround the K River Campground. Garrett says any of the four withdrawal locations will likely increase the amount of water in the stretch of river near his business — and change its flow.
Higher water levels could flood out the campground’s rocky beach, which Garrett says is a major attraction. He also worries Oklahoma City’s diversion could slow currents that bring in tourists.
“It’s not much fun to canoe on a lake,” Garrett says. “Not like it is down a river with a little action to it.”
A mile up the road, Jerry Gutierrez ditches his pickup for a golf cart — the best way to tour the 133 acres that surround his home and a vacation cottage he rents to tourists. Gutierrez built the home himself, which has views of a small oxbow lake and trails that meet the Kiamichi River. The ranch has deer, otters, ducks and beavers. Eagles nest in trees and stalk bass swimming below.
“This is a real rarity,” he says, stopping the golf cart momentarily to watch a pair of white-tailed deer bound through rows of slender trees.
Gutierrez says government teams recently surveyed the oxbow lake on his property, and he’s suspicious that an increase in low-flying airplanes and drones mean Oklahoma City is eyeing his property for a dam and water-diversion point.
“Whatever they’re doing, they’re not telling us,” he says. “Maybe it’ll be a bad thing, but maybe it will turn everything I own into lakefront property. We just can’t figure it out.”
Lawyers representing southeastern Oklahoma residents said the state and city’s research on the Kiamichi was inadequate and unscientific, and didn’t properly account for the water needs of fish, wildlife and tourism.
Lawyers for the city disagreed. In the end, so did the state. A few hours after StateImpact interviewed Garrett and Gutierrez, regulators approved the permit. The lone “no” vote was cast by the only water board member from southeastern Oklahoma.
Garrett and Gutierrez expected the permit’s approval. It’s a milestone, but they say it’s not the end of the road, Garrett says. “We don’t give up, just like they don’t give up.”
One possible next step: another courtroom. The state didn’t agree with the push for more thorough studies of the Kiamichi River and the effect Oklahoma City’s water withdrawal could have. Gutierrez hopes a federal judge will.
“This river is our life,” he says. “We can’t have it taken away from us without a fight.”