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5:37 am
Sat October 20, 2012

'Mother Of Outcasts' To Be A Saint For Leprosy Work

Originally published on Mon October 22, 2012 3:21 pm

A German-American nun will become a saint Sunday, nearly a century after her death. Mother Marianne Cope is the second person to be honored in this way for caring for people in Hawaii with leprosy, now known as Hansen's disease.

During a tragic era in Hawaiian history, more than 8,000 people with leprosy were banished to Kalaupapa, a remote peninsula on the island of Molokai. Back then, there was no cure. The patients were treated as outcasts until a Belgian priest, Father Damien, came to care for them in 1873. Eventually he contracted the disease himself and died. He was canonized by the pope in 2009.

Just five months before Damien's death, Cope arrived in Kalaupapa. She worked in Hawaii in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Sister Alicia Damien Lau says Cope risked her life to care for people with leprosy.

"They had no idea what leprosy was all about and did not speak the language," she says. "They didn't understand the culture."

Cope, a member of the Sisters of St. Francis, spent 35 years caring for leprosy patients in Hawaii, mostly in Kalaupapa. She died there of natural causes at the age of 80.

Today, Cope continues to inspire Lau in caring for Hansen's disease patients. Lau says listening to their stories over the years has moved her to try to help some of them resolve their anger.

"Being in Kalaupapa and being here in the early days was worse than prison," she says.

From 1866 to 1969, anyone diagnosed with leprosy was exiled to the settlement.

"Coming to Kalaupapa, once you got here, you knew that you would never leave Kalaupapa," she says, "and this was in the early days, before they found the cure for Hansen's disease, or for leprosy. And that was in ... the late [1940s]."

Honolulu Bishop Larry Silva says Cope also gave people hope and dignity.

"I think she took a situation where there was a lot of sadness and disfigurement, and tried to bring joy and beauty to it," he says.

Silva points out that Cope planted flowers and fruit trees so the settlement would be beautiful and the residents would have food.

Silva is going to Rome for Cope's canonization. For him, it's a personal journey: He grew up knowing his great-grandfather and great-aunt were sent to Kalaupapa, though some of his relatives kept their exile a secret.

"So I asked my aunt, 'How is it that your children never knew this?' And she said, 'We were told never to talk about this because if someone in the family had leprosy, the whole family was suspect,' " Silva says.

Today, only 17 Hansen's disease patients remain in the state of Hawaii. One of them is Gloria Marks, who has lived in Kalaupapa since 1960.

"You know, it takes a lot of courage for somebody to give up and come to Kalaupapa to care for the patient," she says, in tears.

Marks attended Damien's canonization and will also be going to Rome to see Cope elevated to sainthood.

"We are very, very proud of it. We can ... walk on clouds," she says.

Marks says Hawaii should be proud to have two saints from this little island.

Today, Cope's legacy lives on in Hawaii through the hospital she established, and through the work the sisters do in health care and education. They continue to take care of the elderly, the poor and the last remaining Hansen's disease patients in Kalaupapa.

Copyright 2012 National Public Radio. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

Tomorrow, an American nun, Mother Marianne Cope, will become a saint. She is the second person from Hawaii to be so honored that way by the Catholic Church for caring for people with leprosy, a condition now known as Hansen's disease. Heidi Chang has the story from Honolulu.

HEIDI CHANG, BYLINE: During a tragic era in Hawaiian history, more than 8,000 people were banished to Kalaupapa, a remote peninsula on the island of Molokai. They had leprosy. Back then, there was no cure. The patients were treated as outcasts until a Belgian priest, Father Damien, came to care for them in 1873. But he eventually contracted the disease and died. Just five months before his death, Mother Marianne Cope arrived in Kalaupapa. Sister Alicia Damien Lau, says Cope risked her own life to care for people with leprosy.

SISTER ALICIA DAMIEN LAU: They had no idea what leprosy was all about. And did not speak the language, didn't understand the culture.

CHANG: Cope was a member of the Sisters of Saint Francis and spent 35 years caring for leprosy patients in Hawaii, mostly in Kalaupapa. She died there at the age of 80 of natural causes. Today, Cope continues to inspire Lau in caring for Hansen's disease patients. Lau says listening to their stories over the years has moved her to try to help some of them resolve their anger.

LAU: Being in Kalaupapa, and being here in the early days was worse than in prison.

CHANG: From 1866 to 1969, anyone diagnosed with leprosy was exiled to the settlement.

LAU: Coming to Kalaupapa, once you got here, you knew that you would never leave Kalaupapa. And this was in the early days, before they found the cure for Hansen's disease or for leprosy. And that was in, you know, the late '40s.

BISHOP LARRY SILVA: I think she took a situation where there was a lot of sadness and disfigurement, and tried to bring joy and beauty to it.

CHANG: Honolulu Bishop Larry Silva says Cope also gave people hope and dignity. He points out that Cope planted flowers and fruit trees so that the place where they lived would be beautiful, and they'd have food. Silva is going to Rome for Cope's canonization. For him, it's a personal journey because he grew up knowing that his great grandfather and great aunt were sent to Kalaupapa. But some of his relatives kept their exile a secret.

SILVA: So, I asked my aunt, how is it that your children never knew this? And she said we were told never to talk about this because if someone in the family had leprosy, the whole family was suspect.

CHANG: Today, only 17 Hansen's disease patients remain in the state of Hawaii. One of them is Gloria Marks, who's lived in Kalaupapa since 1960.

GLORIA MARKS: You know, it takes a lot of courage, you know, for somebody to give up and come to Kalaupapa to care for the patient.

CHANG: Marks attended the canonization of Father Damien in 2009 and will also be going to Rome to see Cope elevated to sainthood.

MARKS: We are very, very proud of it. We can walk on clouds, you know, because we so proud that two from a little island get two saint on it. So, I think Hawaii should be proud of it.

CHANG: Today, Mother Marianne Cope's legacy lives on in Hawaii through the hospital she established, and through the work the sisters do in health care and education. They continue to take care of the elderly, the poor and the last remaining Hansen's disease patients in Kalaupapa. For NPR News, I'm Heidi Chang in Honolulu.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

SIMON: And you're listening to WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.