In Egypt's Vote, Islamists Expect Strong Showing

Nov 28, 2011
Originally published on November 28, 2011 5:26 pm

Dozens of veiled women tried to squeeze past each other Monday and into a polling station in the working-class neighborhood of Raml in the northern Egyptian city of Alexandria.

They were eager to cast ballots for a clean-shaven man in a crisp blue suit and matching tie.

His name is Sobhi Saleh, and he heads the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party ticket in three of Alexandria's districts. The party is considered the best organized in Egypt and is expected to do well in the country's first election since President Hosni Mubarak was toppled in February.

Many voters were thrilled to have such a choice of candidates. But that didn't keep one voter from complaining about the long lines. Saleh joked that she ought to cut in front of the other women.

Saleh appeared more relaxed than a year ago. At that time, the Brotherhood boycotted parliamentary elections that were widely seen as fraudulent.

Back in the 2005 parliamentary elections, Brotherhood members captured 88 seats — or about 20 percent of the total. However, Brotherhood members were not officially with the Islamist group and had to serve as independents because the group had been banned under Mubarak.

Brotherhood Served As Opposition

Still, the Brotherhood and its supporters served as the core of a noisy opposition that drew people's attention to the corruption and graft in Mubarak's government.

During the 2010 election season, Saleh was harassed and beaten by Egyptian security forces. Today, he sings their praises.

They, in turn, treat him with respect. At one polling center, a police official bowed as he shook Saleh's hand. Good luck and God bless you, the policeman told the candidate.

Saleh says his party's goal is to make life easier for Egyptians.

"We will advocate what the Egyptian people want, and they will feel like citizens of a free country," he said.

Yet many Alexandria residents worry that Islamists vying for seats here and across Egypt will do the opposite.

Their fears are bolstered by candidates pledging to enforce a stricter observance of Islamic codes. In one recent incident in Alexandria, members of a fundamentalist movement covered up semi-nude mermaid statues with blankets.

Egyptian Christians like Mina Samir predict violent attacks against Coptic Christians like him will increase if the Muslim Brotherhood is in charge. The 22-year-old business major also fears Islamist legislators will eventually ban access to the Internet, television and even cars because they were invented by non-Muslims.

Fellow university student Alaa Ramadan shares his concerns. An Egyptian Muslim who was born in Switzerland, the 22-year-old says she will go back to Europe if the Brotherhood pursues a fundamentalist agenda.

"Their strategy is to go to the poor areas and talk to residents about Islam," she said. "They tell them they have to vote for their candidates for Islam to win."

Saleh dismisses these fears as nonsense. He says the party's goals are to improve the Egyptian economy and government services, and that most voters know that.

But party officials aren't taking any chances.

They, like many other political parties, sent out scores of campaign workers to hand out glossy fliers and talk to voters standing in line at polling stations, even though it was against election rules.

Saleh spent much of the day inside key polling stations in Muslim Brotherhood strongholds. He wanted to make sure that voting was going smoothly, though his presence was also a violation of the election rules.

Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

GUY RAZ, HOST:

We're going to stay in Egypt for a few more minutes but shift our focus to the port city of Alexandria. Voters there lined up for blocks to cast their ballots today. Many are first-time voters who say they're thrilled to have a choice of candidates from across the political spectrum. But as NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson reports now, these voters also expect one group to win many of the seats up for grabs: the once-banned Muslim Brotherhood.

SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: Dozens of veiled women tried to squeeze past each other into a polling station in the working-class neighborhood of Raml. They are eager to cast ballots for this clean-shaven man in a crisp blue suit and matching tie.

SOBHI SALEH: (Speaking foreign language)

NELSON: His name is Sobhi Saleh, and he heads the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party ticket in three of Alexandria's districts.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (Speaking foreign language)

SALEH: (Speaking foreign language)

NELSON: One voter complains to him about the long queues. Saleh jokes that she ought to cut in front of the other women. He appears more relaxed than a year ago when he was forced out of parliament in rigged elections along with other pro-Muslim Brotherhood legislators. They held roughly one in five seats. They were not officially with the Islamist group as it was banned during Hosni Mubarak's time, decades after the Brotherhood renounced violence.

But they were the core of a noisy opposition that drew people's attention to the corruption and graft permeating the former president's government. During the last election, Saleh was harassed and beaten by Egyptian security forces. Today, he sings their praises. They, in turn, treat him with respect.

SALEH: (Speaking foreign language)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Speaking foreign language)

SALEH: (Speaking foreign language)

NELSON: Like this police official at one polling center who bows as he shakes Saleh's hand. Good luck and God bless you, he tells the candidate. Saleh says his party's goal is to make life easier for Egyptians.

SALEH: (Through translator) We will advocate for what the Egyptian people want, and they will feel like citizens of a free country.

NELSON: But many Alexandria residents interviewed worry that Islamists vying for seats here and across Egypt will do the opposite. Their fears are bolstered by candidates pledging to enforce a stricter observance of Islamic codes. In a recent incident here in which members of a fundamentalist movement covered up semi-nude mermaid statues with blankets.

MINA SAMIR: (Speaking foreign language)

NELSON: Egyptian Christians like Mina Samir predict violent attacks against cops like him will increase with the Muslim Brotherhood in charge. The 22-year-old business major also fears Islamist legislators will eventually ban access to the Internet, television and even cars because they were invented by non-Muslims. Fellow university student Alaa Ramadan shares his concerns. An Egyptian Muslim who was born in Switzerland, the 22-year-old says she will return to Europe if the Brotherhood pursues a fundamentalist agenda.

ALAA RAMADAN: (Through Translator) Their strategy is to go to the poor areas and talk to residents about Islam. They tell them they have to vote for their candidates for Islam to win.

NELSON: Saleh dismisses these fears as nonsense. He says the party's goals are to improve the Egyptian economy and government services, and that most voters know that. But party officials aren't taking any chances.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #2: (Speaking foreign language)

NELSON: They, like many other political parties, sent out scores of campaign workers to hand out glossy fliers and talk to voters standing in line at polling stations, which is against election rules here.

SALEH: (Speaking foreign language)

NELSON: Saleh spent much of the day inside key polling stations in Muslim Brotherhood strongholds to make sure the vote was going smoothly. Officials say candidates who do so are violating the election rules. Voting in Alexandria and eight other Egyptians governorates continues tomorrow. Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, NPR News, Alexandria. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.